For Democratic Communism

The reason of being of the communist militancy is to fight the class system which rests on  hierarchy. Therefore, it should specially not reproduce in its way of functioning the hierarchy of the dominant society, but on the contrary fight it. Like the lyrics of The Internationale says: "There are no supreme saviours, neither God, nor Caesar, nor Tribune”. A communist structure must thus be directed by all of its members, and not entrust itself to the "leaders".

The fight for the abolition of all the forms of domination starts by preventing them in the struggles' organizations and structures. The democratic communists are basically and by nature on the side of the free development of thought, on the side of the broadest democracy. It cannot be possible to fight against alienation in an alienated manner.

The democratic communists take part in the social movements and fight so that they are always organized in a democratic way. Our fundamental slogan is that "the emancipation of the working classes must be conquered by the working classes themselves"[i]. That means that the workers must be collectively their own leadership : the authentic communists always support the self-organization of the struggles. General assemblies, strike committees, national co-ordinations: the examples of structures of direct democracy created and directed by the workers and young people are very frequent, but they are at the moment limited in time.

The passage from the pro-reforms mobilizations to the taking over of power will be done by the development, the perpetuation and the convergence of these struggle structures, which must become the instruments of self-government, replacing the institutions of government of the bourgeoisie. The entire power must rest on these structures of direct democracy created by the exploited throughout the struggle, on all the levels: sovereign general assemblies, strike committees, workers councils, international coordination of  general assemblies and councils. This is the process of a democratic and socialist revolution. The revolution must abolish the wage-earning work, capitalism and the frontiers, and replace  them by direct democracy on all the levels.

The terms "socialism" and "communism" have been opposed because of many historical treasons. The term "socialism-communism" seems to us to make it possible to overcome them, and to affirm the unity of these two words.

The socialist-communist  revolution is the conquest of real democracy. "In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, we shall have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all"[ii]. The real freedom of an individual can only be obtained through the conquest of the freedom for all. In the capitalist society, the immense majority is not free. Moreover, one human being, one class, one population which oppresses another cannot be truly free: the emancipation of the workers will allow the emancipation of the entire Human kind.

The movement towards the emancipation of Humanity can only be the result of the action of the majority. "Socialism will not and cannot be created by decrees; nor can it be established by any government, however socialistic. Socialism must be created by the masses, by every proletarian"[iii]. It is thus a question of abolishing the domination system, as a mean and an aim of the revolution.

The preconditions of socialism-communism are the expropriation of the capital and the end of wage-earning work, leading to the disappearance of the social classes and the exploitation. "The working class must write on its flag the revolutionary slogan of the wage system abolition, which is its ultimate aim"[iv]. The objective is to replace the wage-earning work by the common property over the means of production through the collective appropriation and a production system based only on the needs (and not on the profits as   in capitalism). It is also the socialisation of the means of transportation, and the handling of the production by the workers themselves and the end of the labour division.

Our objective is the end of all oppressions and of all alienations. In order for the human being to be really free, it is necessary to get rid of all the institutions created for the maintenance and the justification of the oppression: the States, the representative "democracies", the armies, etc... On the contrary, socialism-communism is a society without frontiers or oppression.

Violence is clearly our enemy. "The capitalist society is nothing other than the more or less hidden domination of violence"[v]. The only true and durable response to the class violence is the collective  action for the end of the division of society into classes. It must fight against all the types of discrimination (racism, sexism, etc...). Obviously, we fight against them within the framework of the current society, while trying to obtain advances which may be sometimes very important, but knowing that only the abolition of capitalism, of wage-earning work and of the patriarchate, will make it possible to remove all the discriminations, allowing the advent of a free and egalitarian society, of an united humanity.

"Luxemburgism" (like "Marxism") is a very imperfect word, first of all because it  mentions only one person. But the facts are there, and there is unfortunately no other term that defines clearly what "democratic Marxism" is: the participation in the real movement - "the autonomous movement of the immense majority"[vi] - which fights to abolish the established order and to create a society without States, social classes, money.  

[i] Karl Marx, General Rules of the International Workingmen's Association, 1864

[ii] Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto, 1848

[iii] Rosa Luxemburg, Our Program and the Political Situation, 1918

[iv] Karl Marx, Letter to Kugelman, 1848

[v] Karl Liebknecht, speech in Berlin on the 23rd of December 1918

[vi] Karl Marx, Communist Manifesto, 1848


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